Table of Contents

TOK presentation outline. 1

10 slides for the TOK Presentation. 1

Slide 1 -1 Minute. 1

Slide 2-1 Minute. 1

Slide 3- 1 Minute. 1

Slide 4-3.5 minutes. 1

Slide 5-3.5 minutes. 1

Slide 6-3.5 minutes. 2

Slide 7 Conclusion-3 minutes. 2

Slide 8-3.5 minutes. 2

Slide 9 bibliography. 2

Signposting. 2

TOK presentation tips. 2

Sample TOK presentation topics and extracting KQs on real-life situations. 3

Arts. 3

Natural sciences. 3

Human Sciences. 3

Evidence. 4

Development section. 4


One of the main aims of a TOK presentation is to show how the analysis of knowledge can have real-time applications.

You can do this by exploring a knowledge topic and talking about them using real-life situations.

TOK presentation outline

Start with a real-life situation a story that may be controversial that set the stage for the presentation. You can describe the REAL-LIFE SITUATION with images or short videos.

After presenting the real-life situation then present your knowledge question and show the connection with the real-life situation. Then look at the AOKs connected with the KQ and the real-life situation.

10 slides for the TOK Presentation

Slide 1 -1 Minute

Introduce yourself and state the title of your TOK presentation. Also, you can state what the real-life situation is and how it has impacted you. You can also explain your initial thought when you first encountered the real-life situation.

Slide 2-1 Minute

Explain your real-life situation using TOK key terms. You can also indicate some of the questions you had based on this real-life situation.

Explain some of the key facts known about this real-life situation. Also indicate the limits on what can be known. Always make sure that you show your thought process from your REAL-LIFE SITUATION to the KQ.

Slide 3- 1 Minute

State the knowledge question and the AoK and WOK you will be using to explain the real-life situation and how they relate to each other.

slides for the TOK Presentation

Slide 4-3.5 minutes

State your claims counterclaims and mini conclusion for the AOK and WOK. In this section explain the claim and state the evidence and how it answers the KQ.

Slide 5-3.5 minutes

State your claim and counterclaim for the second AoK while using evidence.

Slide 6-3.5 minutes

State the claim and counterclaim for the third AoK or WOK and how they are supported by evidence.

Slide 7 Conclusion-3 minutes

Provide your final conclusion and how you arrived at this. State a possible weakness or flaw in your conclusion and explore an example of someone from a different culture or age group that may disagree with the conclusion.

Slide 8-3.5 minutes

Explain how the real-life situation is linked to your conclusion. Give an example of two other real-life situations and how your conclusion would help explain these real-life situations.

Slide 9 bibliography

After writing your bibliography, you are done. Nonetheless, check the instructions first to know whether the bibliography is necessary.

TOK presentation tips

A TOK presentation is a discussion that answers the knowledge question from different angles.

Note: You don’t answer the knowledge question directly.

Make sure that you talk about something interesting that you won’t get bored doing. also ensure it fits the criteria and that you will have a lot of information about the topic to ensure that you don’t run out of things to talk about.

Have a knowledge question about knowledge that is abstract and doesn’t make the KQ about the real-life situation.

Take for example the story of the queen of Sweden Christina. In the past, it was always about her abdication to catholicism.

Later the focus shifted to gender due to the fact that she was raised as a king. This real-life situation shows you a change in history.

A possible KQ would be ‘to what extent is knowledge dependent on culture’ which can be discussed from a mathematical or historical point of view.

Make sure to get your terminologies when discussing Ways of Knowing and specific TOK words that will make your presentation better and will show the examiner that you know what you’re talking about.

Define the key terms and explain what you mean by the knowledge question. Talk about what is knowledge, and what is culture, and deconstruct the knowledge question so that it is easy to understand.

Also, make sure the room in which you are presenting is comfortable. Have a comfortable table that will help you access your laptop and other reading materials easily.

More TOK Presentation TIPs

  1. Simplify your Real-Life Situation
  2. Spend time planning the document
  3. Have a good presentation style
  4. Include multiple perspectives

Sample TOK presentation topics and extracting KQs on real-life situations


Consider children with dyslexia participating in an art class. Dyslexic children may have problems with traditional educational methods and may have difficulty in processing words and numbers.

These instances raise the question of different ways of communicating personal knowledge.

Communication through expressive methods like images may be an easy way for dyslexic children to communicate personal knowledge.

A possible knowledge question in this AoK would be ‘to what extent is an art more valuable in communicating.’

Natural sciences

The downfall of theranox. This is a real-life situation that shows emotions and the belief that led people to trust the company.

A potential knowledge question is ‘how reason is important in determining the reliability of scientific knowledge.’

Another Real-life situation is the use of models to predict the future. Models are used in different AOKs such as the natural sciences.

Nonetheless, at times as in the case of weather pattern prediction, these models may provide false justifiable claims. That can raise the knowledge question of how accurate are models in predicting the future.

You can read more on the Natural Sciences here.

Human Sciences

Another possible real-life situation is government censorship. Some articles claim that games such as grand theft auto promote violence and drug use.

In a way, censorship may restrict access to information but on the other hand, it may prevent bad behavior.

A knowledge question from this real-life situation would be at what point is it justifiable for authorities to restrict access to knowledge.’

Consider a situation in which the government restricts alcohol consumption in a given area due to the negative effects of alcohol.

Alcohol may lead to poor moral judgments and in such a case this may overlap with ethics which is an AOk.

There may be two reasons the government would want the closure of different alcohol joints -reason or emotion.

A possible KQ would be ‘to what extent do reason and emotion affect the formation of moral judgment.’

Consider a scenario in which tourists’ behavior is upsetting the locals. There are different factors that affect whether the behavior is considered wrong.

This can be time and location. In such a case consider different ways of knowing. Could it be intuition that determines cultural knowledge?

Why do some groups view some things as acceptable whereas others don’t? Could it be because of faith?

A possible KQ would be to what extent intuition and faith affect the forming of cultural knowledge.

Development section

To make your TOK presentation easy and straightforward you can use the claim counterclaim and mini conclusion method.

  • Claim-this maybe that emotion is reliable when trying to assess the viability of censoring information.
  • Counterclaim-emotion may lead to unreliable insights which are also important when making such decisions.
  • Mini-conclusion- you can say that emotions are or aren’t helpful in some cases. The mini conclusion can be a possible conclusion to the KQ.


This means using the exact keywords your examiners are looking for. Examiners know how to look for different key terms which shows them that you know what you are talking about.

For example use terms like perspective in a sentence: instead of saying ‘art critics believe that…’ you can say ‘from the perspective of…’

Try as much as possible to get the TOK key terms in your presentation as they will go a long way in scoring you more points.


Using evidence in your claims and counterclaims

This can be from your course or from personal research. You can use stories of scientific experiments that show predictive models may be wrong.

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